Pablo Picasso - short life story

1881 Pablo Picasso is born in Malaga(Spain) on October 25. His father Don José Ruiz y Blasco was painter. Picasso showed a passion and a skill for drawing from an early age.
1891 The family Picasso moved to A Coruña, where father became a professor at the School of Fine Arts.
1895 Family moved to Barcelona, where Ruiz took a position at its School of Fine Arts. Picasso thrived in the city, regarding it in times of sadness or nostalgia as his true home.
1897 Picasso moved to Madrid, where he enrolled in Royal Academy of San Fernando. Most of the time in Madrid, Picasso studied the works of the great Spanish painters at the Prado Museum.

Pablo Picasso 1886
Pablo Picasso

1989 Picasso returned to Barcelona enters the society of artists Els Quatre Gats.
1900 In the cafe "Els Quatre Gatsare" two first solo exhibition of paintings by Picasso.
1901-1904 Blue Period, characterized by somber paintings rendered in shades of blue and blue-green, only occasionally warmed by other colours, began either in Spain in early 1901, or in Paris in the second half of the year. Many paintings of gaunt mothers with children date from the Blue Period, during which Picasso divided his time between Barcelona and Paris. In his austere use of color and sometimes doleful subject matter – prostitutes and beggars are frequent subjects – Picasso was influenced by a trip through Spain and by the suicide of his friend Carlos Casagemas.
1904-1906 The Rose Period is characterised by a more cheery style with orange and pink colours, and featuring many circus people, acrobats and harlequins known in France as saltimbanques. The harlequin, a comedic character usually depicted in checkered patterned clothing, became a personal symbol for Picasso.
1907-1909 African-influenced Period begins with the two figures on the right in his painting, Les Demoiselles d'Avignon, which were inspired by African artefacts. Formal ideas developed during this period lead directly into the Cubist period that follows.

1909-1912 Picasso entertained a distinguished coterie of friends in the Montmartre(Paris) and Montparnasse quarters, including André Breton, poet Guillaume Apollinaire, writer Alfred Jarry, and Gertrude Stein. Analytic cubism is a style of painting Picasso developed with Georges Braque using monochrome brownish and neutral colours. Both artists took apart objects and "analyzed" them in terms of their shapes. Picasso and Braque's paintings at this time share many similarities.
1914 At the outbreak of World War I Picasso lived in Avignon.
1912-1919 Synthetic cubism was a further development of the genre, in which cut paper fragments – often wallpaper or portions of newspaper pages – were pasted into compositions, marking the first use of collage in fine art.
1916 Picasso starts cooperation with the Russian ballet on the production of Parade.
1918 In the summer, Picasso married Olga Khokhlova, a ballerina with Sergei Diaghilev's troupe, for whom Picasso was designing a ballet, Erik Satie's Parade, in Rome; they spent their honeymoon near Biarritz in the villa of glamorous Chilean art patron Eugenia Errázuriz.

Pablo Picasso Indian Headdress 1960
Pablo Picasso Indian Headdress

1927 Picasso met 17-year-old Marie-Thérèse Walter and began a secret affair with her. Picasso's marriage to Khokhlova soon ended in separation rather than divorce, as French law required an even division of property in the case of divorce, and Picasso did not want Khokhlova to have half his wealth.
1937 Arguably Picasso's most famous work is his depiction of the German bombing of Guernica during the Spanish Civil War – Guernica. This large canvas embodies for many the inhumanity, brutality and hopelessness of war. Asked to explain its symbolism, Picasso said, "It isn't up to the painter to define the symbols. Otherwise it would be better if he wrote them out in so many words! The public who look at the picture must interpret the symbols as they understand them.
1941-1945 During the Second World War, Picasso remained in Paris while the Germans occupied the city.
1945-1955 Picasso moved with Françoise Gilot(She was 40 years younger than he was) the south of France, where discovers the joy of sun, beach and sea.
1955-1973 Picasso's final works were a mixture of styles, his means of expression in constant flux until the end of his life. Devoting his full energies to his work, Picasso became more daring, his works more colourful and expressive, and from 1968 to 1971 he produced a torrent of paintings and hundreds of copperplate etchings. At the time these works were dismissed by most as pornographic fantasies of an impotent old man or the slapdash works of an artist who was past his prime. Only later, after Picasso's death, when the rest of the art world had moved on from abstract expressionism, did the critical community come to see that Picasso had already discovered neo-expressionism and was, as so often before, ahead of his time.
1973 Pablo Picasso died on 8 April in Mougins, France, while he and his wife Jacqueline entertained friends for dinner. He was interred at the Chateau of Vauvenargues near Aix-en-Provence, a property he had acquired in 1958 and occupied with Jacqueline between 1959 and 1962.